10 Types of Dental and Oral Diseases

10 Types of Dental and Oral Diseases

At Vita Dental Spring, we do not just fix crooked teeth. We also encounter numerous dental diseases in the course of our work. It is part of our job to know of as many dental disorders as possible so that we can offer the best treatment at all times. That is why our dental experts often go for extra training whenever they can. Here is a breakdown of some of the common dental diseases we see. If you feel like you might any of them, come in for an examination.

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

The mentioned type of disease mainly attacks young children. A virus brings on the illness. The illness will usually manifest rashes all over the skin on the feet and hands. Also, the outbreaks will also be found in the mouth and will often cause a sore throat and difficulty breathing. If appropriately diagnosed and treated, it can disappear within just a few days.


This viral infection often affects kids between 3 to 10 years old. However, it can occur at any age. The disease usually causes sores on the buttocks, feet, hands, in the mouth and throat. In most cases, the wounds have a white base and red border. They can be very painful, and the child will experience a fever, headache, a sore throat and even difficulty swallowing.

Dental Caries

Dental caries occurs when there are acid producing microorganisms, which deposit acid on the surface of teeth. These microorganisms will produce acid from the breakdown of compounds in sugary food. The acids dissolve the enamel of teeth, and this leads to tooth decay.

The symptoms are often not noticed by the sufferers. However, patients might suffer tooth sensitivity as the disease progresses. With regular checkups, the dental caries are preventable from advancing.  Patients can stop this disease if they cut down on their intake of sugary foods.


Gingivitis thrives within the gums’ cavities and may portray as the early stages of gum disease. The most common signs of gingivitis are swelling and inflammation. It is a sign that bacteria have settled in the gums and they have begun to produce toxic waste. It is import to get treatment immediately to keep from progressing to full-blown gum disease.

Periodontal Disease

About 8 out of 10 adults in the US are said to have periodontal or gum disease. It is quite common and is caused by microorganisms through the saliva. If left untreated, this disease can lead to extreme damage of the oral tissues. This disease can lead to degradation of the bone material. There have been thoughts about a link between heart disease and gum disease. The bacteria can spread to the bloodstream and cause significant issues.

Root Infections

Infection occurs when the root of the tooth becomes infected with bacteria, thereby damaging the nerves and the pulp tissues of the root itself. If you suspect you have the condition, visit the dentist immediately. If not treated, the patient will develop an abscess, and this may necessitate a root canal.

Dry Mouth

A dry mouth is a condition where there is no saliva in the mouth. It can occur due to various reasons, but two of the most common causes are old age and specific medication. If you are using any medical drug, ask your doctor if it might be the cause. Besides that, ensure that you take enough water, especially during the summer.

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay occurs when bacteria in plaque deposits on teeth. It produces an acid when eats away the enamel. With time, the enamel develops holes and exposes the inner structures of the tooth. The only way to deal with cavities is to fill and repair. To avoid cavities, ensure you maintain excellent oral health.

Oral Cancer

Cancer of the mouth and throat affect 45,000 Americans in the US. Regular dental checks are the most effective way to detect them. In most cases, they will produce clear signs and symptoms in the early stages. In most cancers, the doctor will remove the affected area, followed by chemotherapy and radiation if needed.

TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder)

This condition entails problems with how the joints of your jaw function. The illness often leads to grinding of teeth at night. It is more common in women and is likely to manifest in the childbearing years. However, anybody who is prone to stress or who have misaligned teeth can develop this disorder. It is necessary to visit the dentist so that he can identify early signs of TMJ.


With regular visits to a dental clinic such as Vita Dental Spring, all of these diseases are preventable. However, dental visits alone will not help, you will need to listen to the advice that dental experts at Vita Dental Spring give you. If you do that, your teeth could last a lifetime.